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Companion dioceses work to rebuild Puerto Rico

Fri, 12/22/2017 - 10:21am

This hurricane-damaged statue at Lord at Mision la Santa Cruz in Puerto Rico inspires Episcopalians there and in the Diocese of Maryland in their ministry to help the island recover. Photo: Eugene Sutton

[Episcopal Diocese of Maryland] – The Dioceses of Maryland and Puerto Rico are committing to several years of hard work to rebuild Puerto Rico. Two killer hurricanes this past fall delivered devastation and privation. The fallout from those storms was felt and heard. Maryland and Puerto Rico have been companion dioceses since June 2016.

Churches and individuals in and outside the Diocese of Maryland responded to the call to raise money for its “Rebuild Puerto Rico” fund. More than $20,000 for immediate emergency needs was raised the month after Hurricane Maria’s knockout punch. So far, a total of $47,000 has been given.

Maryland Bishop Eugene Taylor Sutton and the Rev. Canon Margarita Santana, Latino missioner in Maryland, presented the first of these funds last October to the Puerto Rico Bishop Rafael Morales when they visited the island territory.

The Diocese of Puerto Rico now operates two centers for emergency relief and supplies, one at the Diocesan Center near San Juan, the other at St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital in Ponce. During a post-hurricane visit by Morales to an especially devastated rural community, a parishioner declared: “somos una diócesis de la esperanz” (we are a diocese of hope). This became the rallying call for the people of the diocese; a mantra of resurrection faith, prayer and spirit-inspired action.

Sutton sent the Rev. James Snodgrass to the diocesan convention in Puerto Rico last month. Snodgrass read a letter from Sutton. For Snodgrass, it was a return trip to the diocese where he’s still canonically resident. He and his wife, Patty Parsley, spent 5 ½ years as missioners in the rural, mountainous region of Aibonito. They founded a retreat center and new mission congregation before moving to Baltimore in 2012.

Sutton asked Snodgrass to assess the damage done seven weeks earlier. Damage was extensive to vegetation, landscape and buildings — huge trees uprooted, wooden structures demolished.  When the sun set, some places had electrical service, often provided by generators; many places were surrounded by darkness, some lit by a candle or abandoned. Snodgrass recalled the words of John’s Gospel: “The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it.”

On an island with a high density of automobiles and 9 percent of the population living in urban areas, driving without traffic signals, especially at night, was harrowing. In some places, foliage had reappeared; debris had been collected along the roadsides; and businesses had reopened. In other places, especially among the very poor, destruction lingered. People were worn down.

During the 110th Asamblea Diocesana (diocesan convention), Morales, newly consecrated in July, delivered a hope-filled address to the delegates. He thanked all who’ve responded to emergency needs, encouraging all to pitch-in and reach out, outlining his vision and priorities for the diocese in the foreseeable future. He proclaimed a new Christian year, that began with Advent, as “El Año de Discipulado” (the Year of Discipleship). And he concluded: “Nuestra iglesia es dinámica, misionera y evangelizadora” (our church is dynamic, mission-oriented and evangelizing).

It was said this diocesan convention was one of the most upbeat, well-organized and harmonious in recent memory.

After the convention, Morales told Snodgrass his top priority is to complete the retreat center, Centro Espíritu Santo, in Aibonito. It would serve the clergy and people of Puerto Rico, as well as those from the United States and beyond. The project would entail building a church and overnight facilities. Morales and Sutton have discussed this project, and how, as companion dioceses, working together and with God’s help, it can happen.

Morales enthusiastically agreed to a proposed parish-based mission work project in Aibonito, sponsored by St. John’s Church, Havre de Grace, Maryland, and led by Snodgrass, who is priest-in-charge there. The group will stay in a church-owned house, pray daily and cook their own meals, repair damaged houses in the surrounding neighborhood and plant new trees. The group expects to go in early March.

The experiences of this initial group will help the Diocese of Maryland advise other church groups interested in going to the island to help in the physical and spiritual restoration and rebuilding effort. Canon Rafael Zorilla, canon to the ordinary, oversees all groups coming to Puerto Rico. He told Snodgrass he’s overwhelmed by requests from church groups around the U.S. wanting to come and help. He asked the Diocese of Maryland to develop a screening process and recommend which groups come to Puerto Rico. Those groups would then be partnered with a church in Puerto Rico, and together work out travel and work project arrangements. He stressed that groups coming to Puerto Rico need someone who speaks Spanish.

When Sutton visited Puerto Rico in October he saw a statue of our Lord at Mision la Santa Cruz. It reminded him of the words of Teresa of Avila: “Christ has no body now but yours. No hands, no feet on earth but yours. Yours are the eyes through which he looks with compassion on this world. Yours are the feet with which he walks to do good. Yours are the hands through which he blesses all the world. Yours are the hands, yours are the feet, yours are the eyes, you are his body. Christ has no body now on earth but yours.” The hands on the statue were missing. It was Sutton’s hope the Diocese of Maryland would become the hands of Christ together with its sisters and brothers in Puerto Rico.

— The Rev. Dan Webster is canon for evangelism and media in the Diocese of Maryland.

Maryland priest Dan Webster named interim dean at Albuquerque cathedral

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 6:12pm

[Episcopal Diocese of Maryland] The Rev. Dan Webster, canon for evangelism and media in the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, has been named interim dean at St. John’s Cathedral, Albuquerque. The announcement was made Thursday (Dec. 21) by Charles Hawkins, senior warden, on behalf of the cathedral’s chapter and vestry.

“We are excited about welcoming Canon Webster as he joins us in our faith journey toward discernment of a new Dean,” said Hawkins. The full announcement was posted on the cathedral’s website.

Webster has served nearly eight years in the Diocese of Maryland first as canon for evangelism and ministry development. Two years ago he was given responsibility for all media communications.

“I announced last May at our diocesan convention that Dan was transitioning toward retirement,” said the Rt. Rev. Eugene Taylor Sutton, bishop of Maryland. “Dan has long wanted to return to the southwest and this is a blessing for both him and St. John’s Cathedral.”

Thirty years ago Webster was news director of KOB-TV, Albuquerque. A friend invited him to a mid-week Holy Eucharist at St. John’s. Webster has said that was the beginning of his transition into the Episcopal Church.

“I’m thrilled to be returning to Albuquerque in this capacity,” Webster said in the cathedral announcement. “I’m honored and blessed to be walking with the people of St. John’s Cathedral during this transition.”

Webster earned his Master of Divinity degree from the Seminary of the Southwest in 1996. Prior to entering seminary, he worked for 25 years in broadcast journalism. Half of that time was with NBC News in Burbank, CA and Washington, DC, as news writer, producer and deputy bureau chief.

It was in Salt Lake City when he was news director at KUTV where he explored a call to the priesthood. He was ordained in the Diocese of Utah nearly 21 years ago. He’s served in four dioceses as curate, interim vicar, rector, direction of communications and canon for congregational development. He also was media relations director at the National Council of Churches in New York City for two years.

“We have been blessed by his ministry among us,” said Sutton. “I, for one, will miss his expertise, collegiality and passion for spreading the Gospel.”

A nationwide search for a director of communications has been underway. An announcement is expected in early 2018. Webster’s last day in the office is Jan. 19. He officially begins his new call in February.

The Episcopal Diocese of Maryland has more than 100 parishes in 10 counties and the City of Baltimore in western, central and southern Maryland. It is a part of The Episcopal Church and the worldwide Anglican Communion.

The Rev. Justin Lewis-Anthony to be deputy director of Anglican Centre in Rome

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 3:43pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The Anglican Centre in Rome has announced the appointment of a new deputy director, the Rev. Justin Lewis-Anthony, to succeed the Rev. Marcus Walker. Walker, who was appointed to his post in May 2014, is leaving to take up a post in London, England.

Read the entire article here.

Anglican chaplain in Baghdad honored as one of Iraq’s Personalities of the Year

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 3:40pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The Iraqi Ministry of Culture has honored the chaplain of Saint George’s Church, Baghdad, the Rev. Faiz Jerjes, as one of the country’s Distinguished Personalities of the Year for his role in supporting human rights work in the country. Jerjes, whose surname is sometimes transliterated Jerjees, has been involved with Saint George’s since 2006. After ordination, he served as curate at the church, before being licensed as priest in charge in January 2015 by the bishop of Cyprus and the Gulf, Michael Lewis.

Read the entire article here.

One disaster after another: Coping with compassion fatigue can be a challenge

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 1:24pm

A woman breaks down and cries in the rubble of her burned-out home after a wildfire in California destroyed her home. Photo: Reuters/John Gress

[Episcopal News Service] People would be forgiven if the running list of natural disasters around seemed to pile up in 2017, especially in the months since May.

There is such a thing as compassion fatigue. While the first studies centered on individual professional caregivers and how they lose the sense of caring that once inspired them, there is also an understanding that organizations and even society as a whole can suffer from what some call “empathy fatigue.”

Studies show that public empathy does wane within a few weeks of a disaster, but what happens if the disasters keep coming?

Diocese of Fond du Lac Bishop Matt Gunter in late October summed up his feelings. “I’m tired. My heart hurts. My soul is weary,” he wrote in a blog post titled “Loving Your Neighbor in an Age of Compassion Fatigue.”

The post “seems to have struck a nerve,” Gunter told Episcopal News Service during a Dec. 20 interview. “It skyrocketed to the top of my all-time clicks almost immediately, so that suggests something,” he added.

The world has contended with a lot of hurt this year. First it was torrential rains and flooding in Sri Lanka in May that killed at least 224 people. Then it was the series of hurricanes – Harvey, Irma and Maria – that tore through the eastern Caribbean and deluged Texas with historic amounts of rain from August into early October. The storms killed as many at 800 people, although the death toll is controversial because of accusations of manipulation of the process of attributing fatalities to the storm. Property loss estimates range close to $350 billion.

In the midst of those storms, two major earthquakes struck central Mexico in September, killing 470 people, displacing thousands and causing an estimated $2 billion in property damage.

Satellite image from Dec. 5 shows smoke from Thomas, Rye and Creek Fires in Southern California. Photo: NASA Earth Observatory

Then, Northern California erupted in fast-moving and devastating wildfires in mid-October. Some 44 people died, and property insurance claims have topped $9.4 billion. And Southern Californians are still battling the remnants of fires that swept through the greater Los Angeles area beginning on Dec. 4. Just one person has died, and estimates of property damage are still being calculated. The costs of the U.S. disasters have a ripple effect, with affected municipalities anticipating revenue shortfalls both because of the cost of fighting the fire and because they will not be able to collect taxes on destroyed properties.

Add to the mix the human-caused disasters: mass shootings at a concert in Las Vegas and a church in Sutherland Springs, Texas; deadly riots in Charlottesville, terror attacks in Manhattan. Remember that five years ago, it was Newtown Elementary School, and people thought things would surely change after children were gunned down in their classrooms. Thus far this year there have been 413 mass shootings in which four or more people were shot in the United States, according to statistics kept by Mass Shooting Tracker, a crowd-sourced database of U.S. mass shootings.

News of environmental disasters and sectarian violence across the world, coupled with partisan divisions fought across media platforms in the United States and elsewhere, add to what psychologist Jamil Zaki has called a “habituation [that], paired with a feeling of numbness, can drain our empathy, motivating us to stop caring about victims of tragedies.

“Cynically throwing our hands up at the surreal death tolls of natural disasters or massacres and changing the channel can be self-protective, ‘costing less’ psychologically than vicariously experiencing the suffering of strangers,” he wrote in 2011, the year Twitter came online. The years since have seen an explosion of news, graphic images and videos, and opinions flooding into people’s brains and hearts.

“Communicating the suffering of others does not always stir empathy, and can even be counter-productive, for example when an inundation of suffering depicted in stories and pictures leaves people feeling helpless or exhausted,” Zaki said.

Fond du Lac’s Gunter told ENS that he is “just not sure we’re wired to absorb it.” There was a time when people lived fairly isolated lives, knowing about what he called the “normal human heartaches” of people in their communities, things like house fires and heart attacks and people dying far too early. Perhaps they got news of earthquake and other kinds of faraway destruction. But now, “you turn on the TV you’re faced with trains wreck and fire and images of war and hunger.”

That instantaneous news raises the question of “how do we manage the input from all the 24/7 news,” Gunter said. “And you add on to that the 24/7 political commentary which is mostly geared to agitating you in the first place. We’re all on edge because here are people making money and gaining power and influence by keeping us agitated. That’s a whole other sermon, but it is a place where I think the church has something to say.”

In his blog, he suggested that many people have experienced the symptoms of compassion fatigue: disturbed sleep; unwelcome involuntary thoughts, images, or unpleasant ideas; irritability, impatience or outbursts of anger; hyper-vigilance “and a desire to avoid people who we know are hurting or who you know will disturb your equilibrium.”

Outsized anxiety and fear can develop. Gunter told ENS that in the past weeks, at least two priests have told him that their congregations are calling for armed guards in church. He has cautioned people to realize that the Texas church shooting was a domestic dispute that played out in a locale that could just as easily have been a post office or a store.

All of these pressures, he wrote in his blog, can lead to a “psychic numbness” that makes people want to hunker down and give up trying to live with compassion for neighbors.

“And yet, as Christians, we must resist this tendency even as we acknowledge its reality and power. In his summary of the Law, Jesus enjoins us to, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ That is a call to compassion, a call to care,” Gunter wrote.

The question, he told ENS, is “how do we break through the fear and anxiety that in many is not rational; it is emotive.” And, Gunter added, given the polarization in society, “people are pretty quick to say you’re being liberal or something else and they can write you off because you are not giving them what they want.”

The good news of the gospel needs to be preached and lived “in a way that can be actually be heard” above all the din.

That call to do that and to remain compassionate is not always easy to answer, and answering it can lead to the very fatigue that many people are experiencing. The bishop offered some steps for finding balance:

  • Finding time each day to pray, and not just alone, but with others.
  • Finding someone to talk to who will encourage you, rather than reinforce the things that agitate you.
  • Setting aside Sabbath time to “rest from the worries of the world” (including avoiding the news and the internet) and do something restorative.
  • Acknowledging human vulnerability and dependence on God.
  • Doing what you can and trusting the rest to God, focusing on self-care and taking on only what you can manage.
  • Dwelling on the positive, not the negative.
  • Ending each day by naming the good and thanking God for at least three things.

Gunter elaborates on these practices in his blog post.

Many people have told Gunter that they are trying to take on that last discipline of thankfulness. His understanding of psychology says that “just that simple practice can reorient your perspective in ways that are measureable.”

– The Rev. Mary Frances Schjonberg is interim managing editor of the Episcopal News Service.

South Dakota mission priests to cover hundreds of miles for crunch of Christmas services

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 11:10am

The Rev. Lauren Stanley takes a selfie with members of the congregation at St. Thomas’ Episcopal Church in Corn Creek, South Dakota, during the church’s Christmas festivities in 2016. Photo: Lauren Stanley

[Episcopal News Service] If your parish priest looks a little ragged after surviving this long weekend’s marathon of Advent and Christmas services, mention the Rev. Lauren Stanley. On Dec. 24, she will preside at seven services in seven different churches over 14 hours, and at those services, she potentially will officiate at dozens of baptisms while putting 210 more miles on her Toyota RAV4.

All in a day’s work for a mission priest in South Dakota.

“This is when I earn the big bucks for being a mission priest,” Stanley told Episcopal News Service by phone this week – those “big bucks” being just one of the punchlines in her spirited account of Christmas Eve. Holidays at the Rosebud Episcopal Mission are exhausting but rewarding, she said.

“This is a marathon, but I look at it as a joyful marathon. … I’m in the privileged position of being able to proclaim God’s love to people who may not get to hear it the rest of the year.”

Stanley shares responsibility for the Rosebud mission with the Rev. Anne Henninger, with Stanley covering the mission’s west side and Henninger serving the congregations to the east. Henninger, whose five congregations are farther apart, will preside at three services on Christmas Eve and two on Christmas Day.

Would she ever consider scheduling a marathon Christmas Eve like the one awaiting Stanley?

“Absolutely not,” she said by phone, seemingly with a shudder. “Honestly, by the time you finish three services, I’m totally wiped out.” But if anyone has the personality and endurance to pull it off, she said, it’s Stanley.

Congregations across the Episcopal Church have found this year particularly challenging in scheduling services, with Christmas Eve falling on the Fourth Sunday of Advent, and some are gearing up for a packed worship schedule to accommodate the surge in attendance that is typical around Christmas.

Attendance is expected to surge, too, at the Rosebud Episcopal Mission’s 12 tiny congregations, located on and around the Rosebud Indian Reservation in South Dakota on the Nebraska border. But that is where the similarities end with larger congregations.

On an average Sunday, Stanley and Henninger may see as few as five people in the pews of some of the churches they serve. Organists are hard to find, so the priests typically lead the hymns in the Lakota language unaccompanied by music. Only three of the congregations worship every Sunday, while the others are part of Stanley’s and Henninger’s monthly rotation.

When Christmas and Easter roll around, scheduling services at South Dakota’s far-flung mission churches takes a bit of planning. The Pine Ridge Episcopal Mission in the southwest corner of the state has scheduled five services over two days. In the center of the state, Episcopalians living on or near the Cheyenne River Reservation will attend services at seven churches on Dec. 24.

The Rev. Kim Fonder, who serves Episcopalians on the South Dakota side of the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation scheduled himself for six services on Dec. 24, from 9 a.m. in Mobridge to 9 p.m. in Little Eagle.

“You hope your voice holds up,” he said in describing his Christmas Eve worship “relay.” His wife, Tammy Fonder, will join him on the journey, which he expects will cover more than 130 miles. He also will preside at a service at a nursing home on Dec. 23 and a residence on Dec. 25.

“You have to be dedicated to your congregations,” he said. “They’re your’ families. You don’t just have your immediate families, you have all your church families.”

This year, Stanley decided the only way to give each congregation of Rosebud West a Christmas Eve service was to sacrifice the separate service for the Fourth Sunday of Advent, though she will incorporate some of those themes into her sermon.

This will be the fifth Christmas she has celebrated on the reservation since taking the job of mission priest in February 2013. “The first year I did it, it was quite a shock to the system,” she said.

In past years, she would celebrate a few services on Christmas Eve and the rest on Christmas Day, but a woman in one of the congregations suggested she could spare herself on Christmas if she bunched all the services into the day before. That made sense to Stanley, and the congregations preferred Christmas Eve services.

So, on Dec. 24, the Episcopalians of Rosebud West can take their pick: 11 a.m., 1 p.m., 3 p.m., 5 p.m., 7:30 p.m., 9 p.m. or 11 p.m.

“We’re hoping this all works out perfectly,” Stanley said.

Church of Jesus in Rosebud, South Dakota, is seen decorated for Christmas in 2016. Photo: Lauren Stanley

Her schedule unofficially begins Saturday, when she will drop her dog off at the kennel. Christmas Eve leaves no time to tend to a priest’s best friend.

Then at 9:30 a.m. Dec. 24, she will leave her home in Mission, South Dakota, and head northwest to Corn Creek for the first service, at St. Thomas’ Episcopal Church. Her driving route is precisely plotted to ensure that if she has an emergency she will be only a two-mile walk from a farmhouse to get help.

She’s not expecting an emergency – the RAV4 has snow tires, after all – but she has a winter survival kit just in case. There’s not snow in the forecast for Christmas Eve, just clouds with a high of 28 and a stiff wind blowing from the west-northwest.

For music, she’ll have Handel’s “Messiah” playing on repeat. For her feet, a rotation of boots and shoes. For food, Tanka Bars, which are buffalo jerky and cranberries. She’ll also mix up a couple of protein shakes to get her through the day.

Her most important cargo will be the four bags of priestly gear, containing everything from vestments and bulletins to the bread and wine. Before leaving home, she also will fill up three Thermos containers with hot water for the baptisms. Henninger, who drives a Mercury Sable, travels with her own supply of hot water, which she transports to the churches in a Coleman jug. The hot water in the insulated containers will have cooled to the right temperature by the time it is poured over those little heads.

“Not all of them have running water or functioning bathrooms,” Henninger said of the mission churches.

The Rev. Lauren Stanley baptizes a baby during the 2016 Christmas service at Holy Innocents Episcopal Church in Parmelee, South Dakota. Photo courtesy of Lauren Stanley

Christmas and Easter are the times of the year when people who have moved away from the reservation return home to visit family, often bringing children who need to be baptized. Stanley and Henninger never know how many baptisms they will end up performing, but it is guaranteed to be part of the service. Some of the children are the fifth generation to be baptized at the family’s home church, Stanley said.

Stanley’s largest service likely will be the first, with up to 100 people filling St. Thomas’ Episcopal Church. This and the other early services on her route will be followed by holiday parties at the churches, while the churches toward the end of her route are reversing that schedule and planning their festivities before the evening services. Stanley, though, won’t get to stay for much of the fun.

“I don’t have time to stop after the service and go to the festivities,” she said, adding that she also functions as the altar guild at some of the churches. “I have to get in the car and drive to the next church and set up for the service.”

As she works her way southeast toward Rosebud, South Dakota, she knows she will get a 20-minute break during her stop in Mission for the fifth service, because she lives a block and a half from Trinity Episcopal Church. She will use that time to go home and get more water for the rest of the evening’s baptisms.

“It’s a crazy schedule, but it works for the people here,” she said. And as tired as she will feel after four or five services, she won’t complain. “You get to proclaim this great message. … If this is the way it works for the people, then my job as servant for the people is to serve them.”

Henninger, who will celebrate her eighth Christmas at Rosebud mission, echoed that sentiment: “The ministry’s difficult, but honestly there’s nowhere I’d rather be than serving with the people here.”

After finishing her day at Trinity Episcopal Church in Mission, Stanley expects to make it home before 1 a.m., and with Christmas Day off, she will drive about seven hours to visit relatives in Colorado. Don’t wait for her for dinner, she told them.

And given how exhausted she expects to be Christmas morning, she has joked with members of the Rosebud’s congregations that they should only try to contact her in a grave emergency.

“If you are not dead, don’t call me.”

– David Paulsen is an editor and reporter for the Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at dpaulsen@episcopalchurch.org.

Un desastre tras otro: hacer frente a la fatiga de la compasión puede resultar un desafío

Thu, 12/21/2017 - 8:36am

Una mujer se echa a llorar en los escombros de su casa quemada luego que un incendio forestal en California la destruyera. Foto de John Gress/REUTERS.

[Episcopal News Service] Sería de perdonar que  a la gente le pareciera que se le agolpan los desastres naturales en 2017, especialmente en los meses transcurridos desde mayo.

Existe tal cosa como la fatiga de la compasión. Si bien los primeros estudios se centraban en socorristas profesionales y cómo perdían la preocupación solidaria que alguna vez los inspiró, también se entiende que organizaciones e inclusos sociedades como un todo pueden padecer de lo que algunos llaman“fatiga de la empatía”.

Ciertos estudios muestran que la empatía pública se esfuma a las pocas semanas de un desastre, ¿pero qué ocurre si los desastres siguen ocurriendo?

El Rvdmo. Matt Gunter, obispo de la Diócesis de Fond du Lac, resumió este sentimiento a finales de octubre: “Estoy cansado. Me duele el corazón. Mi alma está fatigada”, escribió él en el artículo de un blog titulado “Amar al prójimo en una época de fatiga de la compasión” [Loving Your Neighbor in an Age of Compassion Fatigue].

La publicación “parece haber tocado un nervio”, dijo Gunter a Episcopal News Service durante una entrevista el 20 de diciembre. “Elevó al máximo casi inmediatamente mis clics, luego, eso sugiere algo”, añadió.

El mundo se ha enfrentado con mucho sufrimiento este año. Primero fueron las lluvias torrenciales de Sri Lanka en mayo que mataron al menos a 224 personas. Luego vino una serie de huracanes —Harvey, Irma y María— que arrasaron el Caribe Oriental e inundaron Texas con históricas precipitaciones desde agosto hasta principios de octubre. Las tormentas mataron a unas 800 personas, aunque el saldo de muertes es controvertido debido a las acusaciones de manipulación al proceso de atribuir bajas fatales a las tormentas. Los daños a la propiedad se calcula que bordean los $350.000 millones.

En medio de esas tormentas, dos grandes terremotos sacudieron México en septiembre, dejando 470 muertos, desplazando a miles de persona s y dejando daños por un valor estimado de $2.000 millones.

Imagen del satélite del 5 de diciembre muestra el humo de los incendios de Thomas, Rye y  Creek en el sur de California. Foto Observatorio Terrestres de la NASA.

Luego, el norte de California estallo con devastadores y voraces incendios a mediados de octubre. Unas 44 personas murieron y las reclamaciones por seguros de la propiedad han ascendido a $9.400 millones. Y los californianos del sur están ahora sofocando los restos de los incendios que se extendieron por la zona de Los Ángeles a partir del 4 de diciembre. Ha muerto una persona y los daños a la propiedad aún no terminan de calcularse. Los costos de los desastres de EE.UU. tienen un triple efecto,  ya que las municipalidades afectadas esperan una reducción de sus ingresos tanto debido al costo de combatir los incendios como a la imposibilidad de recaudar impuestos sobre las propiedades destruidas.

Añada a todo esto los desastres causados por los seres humanos: los asesinatos masivos en un concierto en Las Vegas y en una iglesia en Sutherland Springs, Texas; disturbios con fatalidades en Chalottesville, Virginia; y ataques terroristas en Manhattan. Recuérdese que hace cinco años, ocurrió lo de la escuela primaria de Newtown y la gente pensó que las cosas seguramente cambiarían  después que los niños fueron muertos a tiros en sus aulas. En lo que va de año, ha habido 413 agresiones a tiros en Estados Unidos en las cuales cuatro o más personas han sido alcanzadas, según estadísticas de Mass Shooting Tracker, un banco de datos de información pública sobre  agresiones masivas en EE.UU.

Las noticias de desastres medioambientales y de violencia sectaria a través del mundo, se acompañan de las divisiones partidarias que se libran a través de las plataformas mediáticas en Estados Unidos y en todas partes, añaden lo que el psicólogo Jamil Zaki ha llamado una “habituación [que] pareja con una sensación de insensibilidad, puede agotar nuestra empatía, motivándonos a dejar de preocuparnos por las víctimas de tragedias”.

“Darnos cínicamente por vencidos ante el saldo surreal de desastres naturales o de masacres y cambiar el canal puede ser [una reacción] autoprotectora, que cueste menos psicológicamente que experimentar vicariamente el sufrimiento de personas extrañas”, escribió él en 2011, el año en que Twitter entró en la Red. Desde entonces, los años han sido una explosión de noticias, de imágenes gráficas y vídeos, y de opiniones que han saturado los cerebros y corazones de la gente.

“Comunicar el sufrimiento de otros no siempre genera empatía, e incluso puede ser contraproducente, por ejemplo, cuando una inundación del sufrimiento que se muestra en relatos y fotos deja los sentimientos de las personas impotentes y exhaustos”, dijo Zaki.

Gunter, de Fond du Lac, dijo a ENS que él “no está seguro de que estemos programados mentalmente para absorberlo”. Hubo un tiempo en que las personas llevaban vidas bastante aisladas, enteradas de lo él llamaba  “las penas humanas normales” de las personas en sus comunidades, cosas como incendios de casas y ataques cardíacos y personas que morían demasiado pronto. Quizás tenían noticias de un terremoto y de otras suerte de destrucciones remotas. Pero ahora, cuando “enciendes la televisión, te enfrentas con trenes descarrilados e imágenes de guerra y de hambre”.

Esas noticias instantáneas suscitan la interrogante de “cómo vamos a manejar el influjo de todas las noticias las 24 horas los 7 días de la semana”, dijo Gunter. Y a eso tienes que añadir el constante comentario político, que está fundamentalmente orientado a agitarlo a uno en primer lugar. Todos estamos nerviosos porque aquí hay personas que hacen dinero y adquieren poder e influencia por mantenernos inquietos. Eso es completamente otro sermón, pero es un lugar donde yo creo que la Iglesia tiene algo que decir”.

En su blog, él sugirió que muchas personas han experimentado los síntomas de la fatiga de la compasión:  trastornos del sueño; pensamientos negativos involuntarios, imágenes o ideas desagradables; irritabilidad, impaciencia o acceso de cólera; hipervigilancia y “un deseo de evitar a personas que afectan o que sabes que perturbarán tu equilibrio”.

Pueden manifestarse ansiedad y temor desmesurados. Gunter dijo a ENS que en las últimas semanas, al menos dos sacerdotes le han dicho que sus congregaciones han solicitado  [la presencia de] guardias armados en la iglesia.  Él le ha advertido a la gente a darse cuenta de que la masacre de la iglesia de Texas fue una disputa doméstica que se ventiló en un local que podría fácilmente haber sido una estación de correos o una tienda.

Todas esas presiones, escribió él en su blog, pueden conducir a un “entumecimiento psíquico” que provoque que las personas quieran resguardarse y dejar de tratar de vivir con compasión por sus prójimos.

“Y sin embargo, como cristianos, debemos resistir esta tendencia  incluso si reconocemos su realidad y su poder. En su resumen de la Ley, Jesús nos conmina ‘ama a tu prójimo como a ti mismo’. Eso es un llamado a la compasión, un llamado a al acción solidaria”, escribió Gunter.

La cuestión es, le dijo él a ENS, “cómo sobreponerse al temor y la ansiedad que en muchos no es racional, es emotivo”. Y, añadió Gunter, dada la polarización en la sociedad, “la gente está pronta a decir que eres liberal o cualquier otra cosa y pueden descartarte porque no les estás dando lo que quieren”.

La buena nueva del evangelio debe ser predicada y vivida “de una manera que pueda realmente oírse” por encima de todo el bullicio.

El llamado a hacer eso y seguir siendo compasivo no siempre es fácil de responder, y la respuesta puede conducir a la misma fatiga que muchas personas están experimentando. El obispo ofreció algunos pasos para encontrar el equilibrio:

  • Reserve tiempo cada día para orar, y no sólo en privado, sino con otros.
  • Encuentre alguien con quien hablar que lo estimule en lugar de reforzarle las cosas que lo agitan.
  • Reserve un tiempo sabático para “descansar de las preocupaciones del mundo” (evitando incluso las noticias y la Internet) y emprenda algo reparador.
  • Reconozca la vulnerabilidad humana y la dependencia de Dios.
  • Haga lo que pueda y confíele el resto a Dios, centrándose en el cuidado personal y asumiendo sólo lo que pueda manejar.
  • Viva en lo positivo, no en lo negativo.
  • Y cada día mencione las cosas buenas y dele gracias a Dios al menos por tres cosas.

Gunter abunda sobre todas estas prácticas en su artículo del blog.

Muchas personas le han dicho a Gunter que están intentando asumir esa última disciplina de la gratitud. Su entendimiento de la psicología  dice que “sólo esa simple práctica puede reorientar su perspectiva de una manera mensurable”

– La Rda Mary Frances Schjonberg es la jefa de redacción interina de Episcopal News Service. Traducción de Vicente Echerri.

Blue Christmas services offer comfort on longest night

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 1:32pm

[Anglican Journal] For those experiencing grief, loss or hardship, the Christmas season is far from the most wonderful time of the year. Typical holiday festivities—merry carol singing, decorating, gathering with family and purchasing gifts—emphasize joy and cheer, leaving little room for pain and grief.

In response, some churches offer special services leading up to Christmas that accommodate those for whom the season is trying and difficult.

These services, called Blue Christmas or Longest Night services, emphasize the pain of loss felt by many at this time of year, and offer a somber, gentle space to gather. Symbolically, many of these services are held on or around December 21, the date of the winter solstice, the longest night of the year.

St. Paul’s Anglican Church in Jarvis, Ontario, has been holding Blue Christmas services for the past decade. “This is designed specifically for people for whom Christmas is not a happy time,” says Canon Richard Moorse, who began the services 10 years ago after adapting the idea from a United Church minister he had worked with. The service, he says, is meant as a way to acknowledge the birth of Christ without the joyful, celebratory trappings of a typical Christmas service, which can be painful for those coping with loss.

“The constant refrains on radio and television, in shopping malls and churches, about the happiness of the season, about getting together with family and friends, reminds many people of what they have lost. The anguish of the death of a loved one can make us feel alone in the midst of the celebrating and joy,” the liturgy for St. Paul’s service reads. “We need the space and time to acknowledge our sadness; we need to know that we are not alone. We need encouragement to live the days ahead of us.”

St. Mary’s Anglican Church in Ponoka, Alberta, began holding a Blue Christmas service about 15 years ago in collaboration with the local United Church, says the Rev. Donna Willer, who has been with the church since 2013. Willer has continued the tradition, and sees the service as an important expression of grief. “The service is very important, as it gives them [attendees] permission to grieve openly, offers hope and comfort—consolation that they are not alone in their grief—and that others care, most especially Christ.”

Maxine Jonson, a parishioner at St. Mary’s, had never attended the Blue Christmas service, as it fell on her wedding anniversary, December 21. Last year, her husband passed away after a two-decade battle with early onset Alzheimer’s disease. She attended the service for the first time that year, and is looking forward to attending again. “Our secular world is so busy and noisy all year round,” she wrote in an email. She praised the quiet, reflective nature of the service: “The service is simple and focused on our Lord…We light candles and focus on our personal needs in an atmosphere of quiet contemplation.” This quietness “restores our hearts and enables us to carry on.”

Another parishioner, George Crowhurst, will be attending the service this year and lighting a candle for his wife. A volunteer with Victim Services for many years, he has encouraged individuals to attend the service, which he says offers a “quiet time for meditation [and] reflection.”

The service is open to anyone, and often non-church-goers and even those who practice other religions attend.

At St. Paul’s, the service is meant to be ecumenical in nature and open to any worshipper who needs it, regardless of denomination. “We don’t get that many people out,” says Moorse, noting that it is typical to have only around a half-dozen attendees. But, he says, the numbers don’t matter. “I just do it because I think it’s important.”

While attendees are often coping with the loss of a loved one, Moorse says, there are many types of grief that are expressed in these services. “It could be the loss of a child, it could be the loss of a marriage…any sort of substantial loss. Any loss like that creates a hole in our life.”

The service at St. Paul’s includes a candle lighting ceremony done in memory of those who have been lost, which in turn symbolizes resilience and hope. Congregants are invited during the service to come forward, light a candle and place it in a bowl of water. While the bowl symbolizes feelings of loss and pain, the liturgy states that the candles act as a reminder that loved ones’ “presence is still with us…A symbol of what they meant to us, how they loved us, and formed us, and can never be taken away.”

“Grieving with others is so valuable because one will be offered empathy, comfort, prayer, Scripture and temporary or long-term relationship,” Willer wrote, in an email. “The Church of Christ is relational.” While Willer believes it is important to face pain and sadness, “and not tuck it away on a shelf, hoping someday it will go away,” she believes that Christ offers hope.

“Christ suffered for us once on the cross, [and] he suffers with us in our sorrow.” She cites Matthew 11:28 as an important Scripture to this service: “Come to me, all who are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.”

“In all this darkness, there’s light at the end of the tunnel—and it’s not another train coming. There’s the light of comfort that’s coming down,” says Moorse. “I think more than anything else, that’s the heart of it.”

Moorse likens the pain of losing someone to a physical scar, saying, “It never really goes away.” But in a season dense with emotion, a recognition of that pain brings some hope and comfort to those who mourn.

Read more about it

Many Episcopal Church congregations host Blue Christmas or Longest Night services. Episcopal News Service wrote about the trend in 2007 and again in 2010.


Anglican Communion secretary general discusses Indonesian religious liberty

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 1:25pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The secretary general of the Anglican Communion, Josiah Idowu-Fearon, has raised the issue of religious freedom during discussions with officials from the Indonesian government. Idowu-Fearon met professor Din Syamsuddin, the special envoy for Interfaith & Inter-civilization Dialogue & Cooperation for Indonesian President Joko Widodo, and diplomats from Indonesia’s London embassy, for talks at Lambeth Palace this week. They discussed a range of topics, from freedoms for Christians in Indonesia, to the nature of the Anglican Communion.

Read the entire article here.

Anglican Women in Malawi receive training to tackle gender-based violence

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 1:22pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] Women in Malawi have been urged to open up and discuss issues that relate to gender-based violence (GBV), regardless of the environment they are in. The call was made by the Guilds’ Coordinator in the Anglican Diocese of Upper Shire, Yasinta Mtambo, during the closure of a four-day training workshop for women in leadership positions in the diocese, which was held in Liwonde, Machinga, Dec. 11-14.

Read the entire article here.

RIP: Raymond Glover, Hymnal 1982 editor

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 1:21pm

Raymond Glover conducts a class in 1999 at Virginia Theological Seminary. Photo: Glover Family

Church musician Raymond Glover, 89, who influenced millions of Episcopalians by being the general editor of The Hymnal 1982, died Dec. 15 in Alexandria, Virginia.

Glover was born in Buffalo, New York, and began his musical life as a young chorister at St. Paul’s Cathedral there. Later, he sang in the choir at St. Mary Magdalen, when he was an undergraduate at the University of Toronto, studying composition with Healy Willan, who became his mentor and friend. His next move was to Union Theological Seminary to earn a Masters of Sacred Music. He returned to Buffalo as cathedral organist and choirmaster and met Joyce MacDonald (1923-2013), who was director of Christian education. They were married on Easter Monday 1957 and remained partners in so many ways throughout their life together.

From Buffalo, they moved to the cathedral in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1962, where Glover built a vibrant music and arts program that reached deep into the urban community on the church’s doorstep and beyond into the surrounding suburbs. The highlights of those 11 years at Christ Church Cathedral included numerous organ recitals and flower shows, performances of Menotti’s Amahl and the Night Visitors, Britten’s Noye’s Fludde and St. Nicholas, and a professional recording of the choir to assist the fundraising for their two-week tour of England in 1971.

The 1960s were a time of great change, and Glover played his role in musical response to liturgical reform as a member of what was then known as the Episcopal Church’s Standing Commission on Church Music. During this decade, he taught at Berkeley Divinity School and found time while on the Yale campus to study organ with the university’s organist, Charles Krigbaum. Then in 1966, Glover joined Jim Litton and Gerre Hancock to found the Association of Anglican Musicians (AAM) and served as president from 1969-70.

Jack Spong, who was then rector of St. Paul’s in Richmond, Virginia, and later became bishop of the Diocese of Newark, called Glover to become director of music. During his time there, Glover oversaw the building of new choirs, music and arts programs and a new organ. He continued to travel extensively as chair of the church music commission’s hymnal committee, preparing the way for the new hymnal, which he was appointed to edit in 1980.

The Hymnal 1982 was dedicated at Washington National Cathedral in 1985, and Glover went on to edit a four-volume companion. In 1986, he was granted an honorary doctorate from Virginia Theological Seminary (VTS), where he later joined the faculty as professor of music and organist (1991-2000). With Marilyn Keiser and Carol Doran he was instrumental in the development of the Program for Musicians Serving in Small Congregations. Following his retirement, Glover continued to teach and develop new courses in collaboration with VTS colleagues.

In addition to his decades of service to the Episcopal Church, he also taught music and conducted choirs for independent schools in each of the cities where he was organist and choirmaster – Nichols in Buffalo, Kingswood-Oxford in Hartford and St. Catherine’s in Richmond.

Glover will be buried at Virginia Theological Seminary, following a funeral in the seminary chapel at 10:30 a.m.on Dec. 28. Donations will be gratefully received by VTS and AAM. He is survived by his daughters, Margaret and Katie, and grandchildren Sarah and Simon Lasseron and Rachel and Susannah Mahon.

Christmas Message from Jerusalem Archbishop Suheil Dawani

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 1:19pm

[The Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East] My dear Sisters and Brothers in Christ,

In this period of Advent, we wait expectantly for the joy and peace that we celebrate with the coming of Christ. We wait in the knowledge that God as Emmanuel is already alongside us, within us, and encircling us, as we journey together on our pilgrimage through life. Sadly, we, as one human race, encounter suffering on a daily basis; suffering manifesting itself in deplorable acts of hatred within communities, between nations, and between neighbours; and suffering that we experience through loss and pain as human beings in a broken world.

It is this pain that calls us as Christians to prayer, and to fall to our knees before the infant Christ. We cry out for change in our world, for nations to act towards other nations as friends; for neighbours to reach out to neighbors as sisters and brothers; and for a whole community that cares, respects and responds to the needs of the other, particularly to the needs of the vulnerable and the marginalized. We are reminded that in Christ’s commandment that we are to love the Lord our God with all our heart and with all our mind, all our strength and all our soul, and that we are to love our neighbors as ourselves, that the change we pray for in our communities must start with a change from within ourselves. We know that we must always seek, however hard it may be, to become people who love our neighbours more deeply, revering them as an embodiment of Jesus Christ.

As I write to you from Jerusalem, I am more aware that again we are in a time of uncertainty, conflict and fear across the Middle East. Families and individuals this Christmas will again be concerned and worried about the future; yearning for signs of light and hope. As conflict continues in Syria and Yemen; as acts of terror are perpetrated in Egypt and Iraq; as millions flee their homes, as people suffer the world over, we are called back to that simple faith revealed in the mystery of the Christmas story.

Into this broken world we believe was born Hope and Love, revealed to us not in a grand palace surrounded by the trappings of power and prestige, but revealed to us in a lowly manger, surrounded by people of simplicity – shepherds – with Mary as his mother, a woman of immeasurable courage and strength. The incarnate one – Christ – came to us, to give us faith that God is with us whatever we face, that God will comfort and heal us and lead us into new pastures.

I am always confident and inspired by what we as Christians have the capacity to do. Those who travel to our Province that they learn so much through our witness, and through our mission, how to live faithful Christian lives. We may be small in number but Christ’s love in our hearts gives us a tenacity in our ministry to transform the lives of those we come into contact with and support, whether that be in our congregations, schools, hospitals and other institutions, or in our ministry to those outcasts of society. I want to thank all of you who are involved in building God’s Kingdom on earth, reconciling communities and being the salt and light in this world. I want to encourage you in the task at hand, and pray God’s Holy Spirit comforts and strengthens you in all you do.

Let us be inspired by the shepherds, who, casting off fear, rushed to see Jesus, and returned praising and glorifying God. Let us worship God, and through him, be his hands and feet in this world. I wish you all a very blessed advent, happy Christmas and peaceful New Year.

Grace and Peace.

The Most Rev. Suheil S Dawani
Anglican Archbishop in Jerusalem
President-Bishop (Primate) of the Episcopal Church in Jerualem & The Middle East

New African National Congress leaders will receive support – if they establish ethical and moral leadership

Tue, 12/19/2017 - 12:56pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The archbishop of Cape Town, Thabo Makgoba, has said that faith leaders in the country will support the new leadership of the African National Congress (ANC), but only if they work together to re-establish values-based, ethical and moral leadership. Speaking on behalf of the National Church Leaders’ Forum, he said that he was looking forward to “critical engagement” with South Africa’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, who was elected ANC leader at a party conference Dec. 18. The conference saw new people appointed to a number of senior ANC leadership positions. “The country is looking to them to work for the common good, to promote equality of opportunity and to uphold the highest ethical standards,” Thabo said.

Read the entire article here.

El Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos de la Iglesia Episcopal: acepta solicitudes para plazas para el periodo 2018-2019 

Mon, 12/18/2017 - 3:46pm

Los jóvenes adultos (entre 21 y 30 años de edad) tienen la oportunidad de transformar sus propias vidas realizando trabajo de misión y ministerio en la Comunión Anglicana al unirse al Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos. El periodo de solicitud para las asignaciones para el ciclo 2018-2019 está abierto para el Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos, comúnmente conocido como YASC (por su sigla en inglés).

En la actualidad, miembros del Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos, en conjunto con socios, prestan servicios a lo largo de la Comunión Anglicana en las áreas de administración, agricultura, comunicaciones, desarrollo y educación en Brasil, Costa Rica, Inglaterra, Nueva Zelanda, Filipinas, África del Sur y Tanzania.

Entre los posibles lugares de asignación para el periodo 2018-2019 se encuentran (entre otros) Brasil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Inglaterra, Honduras, Hong Kong, Italia, Japón, Jerusalén, México, Panamá, Filipinas, África del Sur, Taiwán y Tanzania.

“El Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos ofrece a los jóvenes adultos la oportunidad de vivir su fe de distintas maneras y en diferentes contextos”, comentó Elizabeth Boe, funcionaria de la oficina de Personal de Misión de la Iglesia Episcopal. “Ellos se comprometen por un año a aprender, a trabajar, a vivir y a orar con otros episcopales y comunidades anglicanas alrededor del mundo”.

Las solicitudes para las asignaciones durante el periodo 2018-2019, además de información adicional e instrucciones está disponible aquí. La fecha límite para solicitar es el viernes, 12 de enero de 2018. 

El Rdo. David Copley, Director de Alianzas Globales y Personal de Misión señalo “El Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos construye sobre una base de fe, conocimiento, educación y experiencia que los jóvenes adultos traen consigo cuando sirven y que constituye un desafío a ser transformados al estar plenamente presentes en otra parte de este mundo de Dios. El servicio de misiones es primero que nada y principalmente un acto de fe y un modo de “hacer Iglesia”.

Para más información comuníquese con Boe en eboe@episcopalchurch.org.

Un blog del Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos está disponible aquí.

Videos e información adicional sobre el Cuerpo de Servicio de Jóvenes Adultos están disponibles aquí.

With Christmas Eve on a Sunday, churches faced unavoidable ‘conundrum’ in scheduling Advent

Mon, 12/18/2017 - 1:45pm

Members of All Saints Episcopal Church in Beverly Hills California light the Advent wreath during a Dec. 3 service. Photo: Colleen Dodson-Baker/All Saints

[Episcopal News Service] What to do about Dec. 24?

It’s a liturgical debate that has been brewing in congregations and clerical forums all season, based on a church calendar that this year has Christmas Eve landing on the Fourth Sunday of Advent. Every parish in the Episcopal Church must answer the question, as a matter of scheduling, and there are strong views on both sides.

“It’s the Episcopal Church. Everything we do leads to debate,” said the Rev. Keith Voets, a New York City priest who helps moderate a Facebook discussion group on Episcopal liturgy.

The conundrum for parish leaders goes something like this: If they load up on Christmas Eve services while maintaining their full Sunday morning schedule, they risk burning out their clergy and volunteers. But to reduce or eliminate the morning services could be seen as curtailing Advent.

The potential solutions churchwide are as plentiful as Advent candles, though the scenarios playing out at Episcopal churches across the country generally fall into a few categories. Episcopal News Service surveyed more than a dozen congregations by phone and email and found that church leaders were basing their scheduling decisions on tradition, local needs and, in some cases, a bit of experimentation.

For large congregations like All Saints Episcopal Church in Beverly Hills, California, the plan is to offer something like a marathon of services.

“If you’re preaching one service, you might as well preach two,” the Rev. Nat Katz, associate rector at All Saints, said.

All Saints won’t stop at two services. In addition to worshiping at 8 a.m. and 10 a.m. for the Fourth Sunday of Advent, the congregation is expecting big turnout at its four Christmas Eve services, at 11:30 a.m., and 4, 8 and 11 p.m.

Average Sunday attendance at All Saints is around 300, but Katz predicted an overflow crowd of about 800 at its 4 p.m. family service. It helps to have three priests sharing the burden, though Katz, who is in charge of scheduling volunteers, said he still was working to line up acolytes and Eucharistic ministers for the church’s seven services, including one Christmas Day service.

“When we sat around a table and talked about our community, we thought … there are enough folks in our community that would want to observe both Advent IV and Christmas Eve,” he said. “On a spiritual and liturgical sense for us, it is absolutely and fundamentally important that the Advent journey be completed to come and observe the Feast of the Nativity.”

At the other end of the spectrum are small parishes like Church of the Messiah in Chester, New Jersey, which moved its Advent calendar up by a week to avoid any overlap on Dec. 24.

“If the Advent police have a problem, I’ll respond to it, but the calendar is a challenge this year,” the Rev. Margaret Otterburn told ENS.

As rector at Church of the Messiah, Otterburn realized back in early October that with Christmas Eve falling on a Sunday, she might not get many people attending church that morning. The congregation’s 4 p.m. pageant service for Christmas Eve, on the other hand, is one of the biggest of the year, drawing about 130 people.

So, while the Fourth Sunday of Advent will be celebrated on Dec. 24 in most churches, it was celebrated on Dec. 17 at Church of the Messiah. Parishioners who want to attend a morning service Dec. 24 will have that option, but it will be a very simple Christmas Eve service.

“Advent is a very important time for us,” Otterburn said. “So, the reason for moving was for all of us to experience Advent.”

For the record, the Episcopal Church has no Advent Police, but it does have the Book of Common Prayer, which establishes a four-week Advent schedule, the same one followed by other Christian denominations.

“We don’t get to adjust the liturgical calendar for our own needs,” Voets said.

Voets, priest-in-charge at Church of St. Alban the Martyr in Queens, New York, has been a moderator for the past few years of the Facebook group Rubric: Dissecting the Episcopal Liturgy.  The group, with more than 1,000 members, many of them Episcopal clergy, discusses interpretations of the prayer book. Voets sees it as a resource, not a forum encouraging tense debate.

But discussion of Advent scheduling picked up in November, in reaction to the decision by some churches to move up Christ the King Sunday to make way for an earlier Advent, as Church of the Messiah did. One group member called the Dec. 24 question a “fabricated conundrum,” one easily solved – Eucharist in the morning, Eucharist in the evening.

Several members noted this is nothing new. Christmas Eve falls on Advent IV every six years or so, though by 2017 it hadn’t happened for 11 years because of how leap years affected the calendar.

Voets leads a mostly West Indian congregation with about 150 average attendance on Sunday. He describes it as “Anglo-Catholic,” and members are comfortable with the expectation that they attend an Advent service in the morning and the church’s one Christmas Eve service, at 11 p.m. The only change he made was to combine the two regular Sunday morning services into one.

“As a priest, I took a vow to conform to the doctrine, discipline and worship of the Episcopal Church,” he said. “And the doctrine, discipline and worship allow for a four-week Advent.”

The Book of Common Prayer says “the Sundays of Advent are always the four Sundays before Christmas Day, whether it occurs on a Sunday or a weekday.” That would seem to not leave a lot of wiggle room, though Ruth Meyers, a liturgics professor, said churches still have some flexibility with Sunday scheduling.

“I think the question is what do you do with your Sunday morning schedule, and I think that’s very much dependent on the particular context, what the expectation is in your particular congregation,” said Meyers, who teaches at Church Divinity School of the Pacific in Berkeley, California, and serves as dean of academic affairs.

The compact schedule could even serve to enhance the Advent experience, Meyers said. It is a season of preparation, and the final Sunday leads directly into the story of Jesus’ birth.

She also is intrigued by a movement to extend the season of Advent from four to seven weeks, as St. John’s Episcopal Cathedral in Knoxville, Tennessee, did this year.

Think Dec. 17 was the Third Sunday in Advent? At St. John’s, it was the Sixth Sunday of Advent.

Jason Overall, who helped develop the expanded Advent program as the cathedral’s director of music, said the aim was “reclaiming Advent” through a more meaningful observance of the season, bucking a popular culture that immerses itself in Christmas immediately after Thanksgiving.

He and other cathedral leaders had discussed expanding Advent for the past three years, and their justification invokes centuries of church history, when Advent’s length fluctuated, and sometimes varied from community to community. A four-week Advent hasn’t always been the norm.

“As Episcopalians, we feel like if something has been done twice, that’s how it’s always been done,” Overall said. “We were trying to free ourselves from that.”

He also acknowledged that the difficulty of scheduling services on Dec. 24 was at least one catalyst to experimenting with an earlier Advent this year at St. John’s. The cathedral will offer six services that day, all of them for Christmas Eve.

And Overall agreed with those who would call it “regrettable” that by expanding and moving Advent this year, St. John’s was going against the “common” in the Book of Common Prayer. That was a consideration, but he and other cathedral leaders felt that the positives of the plan outweighed the negatives. It was the right move for St. John’s, he said, and they aren’t trying to persuade other congregations to do the same.

Most of the other congregations who responded to ENS’ inquiries have made more modest changes to their schedules.

St. Anne’s Episcopal Church in Annapolis, Maryland, and Trinity Parish in Bayonne, New Jersey, chose to move their Sunday morning services to Saturday, so Advent IV wouldn’t compete with Christmas Eve. Numerous churches are reducing but not eliminating their Sunday morning services, including St. John’s Episcopal Church in Saginaw, Michigan; St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Cleveland Heights, Ohio, and St. Martin-in-the-Fields Episcopal Church in Keller, Texas.

“We planned earlier than ever before because we saw all the conflicts and compression of the season, and made adjustments in scheduling activities,” said Susan Kleinwechter, communications director at St. Martin-in-the-Fields.

All Saints in Beverly Hills, despite its marathon of services, has reduced its normal three Sunday services to two, as has All Saints Episcopal Church in Pasadena, California.

Other churches are planning simple services for Sunday morning and saving their congregations’ collective energy for their Christmas Eve services. St. Benedict’s Episcopal Church in Smyrna, Georgia, opted for a said service Sunday morning and Christmas Day, while the Christmas Eve services will have full music. And St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is offering Morning Prayer for its Advent service at 9:30 a.m. followed by a family service at 4 p.m. and a festive Eucharist at 11 p.m.

“Every decision struck me as sort of having a downside,” said the Rev. Ian Burch, rector at St. Mark’s, but he didn’t want to mix up the schedule for the 90 to 120 people who normally attend on Sundays.

“I’m allergic to changing service times. … It’s sort of Kryptonite to church growth,” he said. “At the same time, I didn’t see a way that three Eucharists for a parish my size made a lot of sense.”

He and other church leaders began planning for Advent and Christmas back in early October. An expanded schedule isn’t just taxing on a congregation’s priests, he said. It also requires a lot from the volunteers, from the altar guild and flower guild to the musicians.

“It doesn’t just happen. There are no elves in the church. It’s not magic,” he said. The congregation also spends a lot of time planning because Christmas Eve is “an amazing evangelism opportunity, so don’t miss it and don’t be sloppy.”

With many Americans feeling crunched for time by jam-packed schedules, it may be too much to expect parishioners to attend two or three services in a 30-hour period, but Burch also doesn’t want to forget the parishioners who are likely to be in church every day it is open. He wants to give them that option, especially around Christmas.

“Removing choices is asking the church to shrink. If there are 15 people there in the morning, that’s a really beautiful number,” he said. Having more services at significant times is a lot of work, but “it’s worth it.”

– David Paulsen is an editor and reporter for the Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at dpaulsen@episcopalchurch.org.

Former chief nursing officer of England named as next Bishop of London

Mon, 12/18/2017 - 12:31pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The former chief nursing officer for England, Sarah Mullally, who was first ordained to serve as a non-stipendiary minister, has been named as the next Bishop of London. When she is enthroned in the new year, she will become the most senior female bishop in the Church of England, and will become a member of the House of Lords, the upper house of the UK Parliament; and the Privy Council, the ancient body which formally advises British sovereign on the exercise of the Royal Prerogative.

Read the full article here.

EPPN: #PrayFastAct for the Sustainable Development Goals

Mon, 12/18/2017 - 11:55am

[Episcopal Public Policy Network policy alert] In his new video, Presiding Bishop Michael Curry reminds us to pray, fast and act this Advent and Christmas, in support of good policies that provide opportunities for and respect the dignity of people struggling with poverty.

This month, we focus on the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to end poverty and hunger, reduce inequalities, ensure quality education, create opportunities for decent work, care for creation, and promote a peaceful and just global community.

During the Advent and Christmas season, we focus on the praying aspect of this campaign, and encourage all to pray for each of the SDGs using the resource below.

On Dec. 21, join the EPPN and presiding bishops of the Episcopal Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in American as we pray, fact and act. Share on social media using #PrayFastAct and @TheEPPN. On the 21st, post a picture of a dinner place setting with the reason you are fasting.

Read the one-pager on the Sustainable Development Goals.

Pray for each of the goals using these prayers from the World Council of Churches.

Church of England says sorry for its response to child abuse allegations against Bishop George Bell

Fri, 12/15/2017 - 2:00pm

[Anglican Communion News  Service] An independent review has been carried out into the way the Church of England handled allegations that the former bishop of Chichester, George Bell, sexually abused a young girl in the late 1940s and early 1950s. In October 2015, the Church of England issued a statement in which it announced that the complainant had received compensation and an apology. The statement also said that Sussex police had confirmed “that the information obtained from their enquiries would have justified, had he still been alive, Bell’s arrest and interview, on suspicion of serious sexual offenses.” The Church asked senior human rights lawyer Lord Carlile to undertake a review of their handling of the case, after supporters of Bell accused it of unfairly deciding Bell’s guilt.

Read the entire article here.

Australia commission into response to child sexual abuse makes recommendations

Fri, 12/15/2017 - 12:19pm

[Anglican Communion News Service] The final report of Australia’s Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse sets out 189 individual recommendations in a range of areas, in addition to other recommendations on issues including checks on those working with children, redress and civil litigation and criminal justice. Some 58 of those recommendations are targeting towards religious institutions; with five of them directed specifically at the Anglican Church.

Read the full article here.

Dr. Garwood Anderson named Interim Dean and President of Nashotah House

Fri, 12/15/2017 - 11:16am

[Nashotah House] The Board of Directors of Nashotah House is pleased to announce that Garwood Anderson, Ph.D. has been appointed to the position of Interim Dean and President, effective January 1, 2018. Dr. Anderson is a long-time and well-known leader at Nashotah House, joining the faculty in 2007 as Professor of New Testament studies. Dr. Anderson accepted the role of Acting Dean and President on September 1, 2017 following the resignation of Dean Steven Peay.

For over a decade, Dr. Anderson has demonstrated outstanding leadership at Nashotah House. Not only is he a widely respected New Testament scholar, recently publishing a significant work on Pauline soteriology, he has also been influential in updating and expanding the Seminary’s academic offerings and programs while serving as Academic Dean. Along with an outstanding faculty, he has helped Nashotah House distinguish itself as an exceptional center for Anglican theology, liturgics and biblical studies in the United States.

With recent changes in the House’s administration, Dr. Anderson brings much needed stability to the Seminary’s leadership. His tenure as Acting Dean has been marked by transparency and collaboration, priorities that will continue during his leadership as Interim Dean. In the months ahead, Dr. Anderson and the faculty will work with the Board of Directors and Corporation of Nashotah House to strengthen the identity and future direction of Nashotah House.

Despite the many changes in on-campus leadership, the students and faculty of Nashotah House are united behind Dr. Anderson’s vision for the future. Second-year student, Jesse Lassiter, observed that “Everyone here at the House is happy and thankful for Dr. Anderson’s leadership right now. The vibe on campus is very positive.”
The Board of Directors joins the students and faculty in their enthusiasm. Board of Directors member, The Rev. John Jordan, commented, “Dr. Anderson has been an outstanding leader at Nashotah House for many years and brings a level of expertise and commitment that is exactly what Nashotah House needs right now.”

Dr. Anderson’s leadership as Acting Dean has already brought renewed vigor to the House’s recruiting strategy for prospective students. “I hope to continue attracting the brightest and most gifted individuals to the faculty so that the House can lead a renewal in the Church in the years ahead,” he recently told the Board of Directors.

The Board thanks Dr. Anderson for leading the charge into another fruitful era in the life of the Seminary. The unique mission of Nashotah House to train lay and ordained ministers in the catholic tradition of Anglicanism will continue steadfast in this calling under the leadership of the Board of Directors and Dr. Anderson serving as Interim Dean and President.

Full press release available here.